The project has a four year time span and is divided in seven work packages. The structure is displayed in the figure below:

The timeline is displayed per year in grey on the right side. The orange arrows indicate input from one work package to the other.

Work Package 1: Conceptual design of smart release material

Work Package 1 is the basis for the project as the following will be identified:

  • Starting materials
  • End-user applications and corresponding environmental conditions
  • Material performances
  • Process requirements

Work Package 2: Research and development of smart release materials

Research will be done to develop smart release concepts, after which these concepts will be applied to the finishing material (coatings, plasters and ceramics). This is all done on a laboratory scale.

Work Package 2 will lead to a proof-of-concept of the researched technologies.

Work Package 3: Process development of smart release materials

In this Work Package research will be done to develop processes to produce the proof-of-concept from work Package 2 on a larger scale. Process development for the technologies is an important and difficult step, and requires subsequent alterations to the technologies to save energy, speed up the intercalation and mixing processes. The idea of AXIOMA is to demonstrate that it is in principle possible to synthesize smart release compounds in amounts larger than in laboratory scale. To upscale to full production scale would take huge efforts and is not the subject of this project.

Work Package 4: Measurement, Modelling and Life Cycle Analysis (LCA)

In Work Package 4 models are developed for the simulation of the effects of outdoor and indoor conditions on the behaviour of the smart materials. The aim is not to have a complete descriptive kinetic model of the release mechanisms (which would require a project itself), but an experiment-based parametric model for the fast prediction of the behaviour of the different new materials in the different conditions. Besides models also new test methods will be developed.

The Life Cycle Analysis will quantify and assess all environmental impacts associated with the use of the new products to be developed in the framework of the project and to ensure their safe application. Moreover, LCA will be used to assess a variety of issues in product development, like the environmental need of the new products, their advantages and drawbacks in comparison with the currently used building and finishing materials (with or without biocides) in constructions, or the optimisation of their technical specifications and formulation. The impact of the new products on the human health, indoor air quality but also the durability, lifetime, recyclability and the aesthetical properties of the finishing materials in a construction application will be determined. Finally, relevant financial data will be identified and calculated while the appropriate economic indicators will be established in order to estimate and minimise the economic impacts and possible risks from the replacement of the conventional products with the new ones.

Work Package 5: validation and demonstration of smart materials

In Work Package 5 models and show-cases of the concept materials will be demonstrated. For this purpose a whole set of demonstrator small size samples (paints, varnishes, additives, plasters, each targeted to specific applications and environments) are to be defined according to the first run of technical development. They will be designed in order to make visible and appraisable both from experts and from public audience the positive impact of those new additives (e.g. mildew or bacterial removal, visualized according to macro features)

Work Package 6: Dissemination and exploitation of results of smart materials

In this Work Package, which runs throughout the whole, project knowledge about the project will be transferred between the AXIOMA partners and to the community by participation in conferences and exhibitions, and publication of results.
Also assessment will be done of the exploitation of new and existing markets by informing potential end-users about the Axioma project, the concept materials and the performance thereof.

Work Package 7: Management

The management of AXIOMA will ensure high quality output of all the Work Packages and will provide a link between the project consortium and the European Commission.


Background Info

  • Ten percent of homeowners believe that mould is an issue in their neighbourhoods while 35 percent of home builders and 19 percent of real estate agents believe that this is an issue in the homes they build/sell.
  • A total of 11% of the entire global burden of disease has been attributed to unhealthy buildings.
  • Coatings in the built environment usually exhibit biocidal functionality between 0.5 and 2 years, whereas the desired service life in building practice is at least 10 years.





This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 228504

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